Machu Picchu, Historic and Natural Sanctuary
The Sanctuary of Machu Picchu not only houses a large archaeological complex but it is the habitat of an impressive amount of natural species of flora and fauna , some endangered; such as, the spectacled bear and several native plants.
Surely, I already knew that Machu Picchu, was chosen one of the new Seven Wonders of the Modern World in 2007, but perhaps I did not know that it was chosen as the Best Green Destination in the World awarded by the Word Travel Awards (WTA) in 2012 With the best background since in 1983, UNESCO declared it a Natural and Cultural Heritage of Humanity. Pablo Neruda, in 1943, described the wonder before his eyes; an empire that built a city of stone in the Peruvian Andes.
How is the flora and fauna of Machu Picchu?
How much do you know about the flora and fauna of Machu Picchu ? Did you know that the Sanctuary of Machu Pichu is considered one of the most ecological places in Peru and the world? Yes, due to its location (it is located between the jungle and the Peruvian Andes) it has 13 life zones, which expand over an area of 32,592 hectares.
Machu Picchu has 200 species of orchids, 700 species of butterflies and 400 species of birds. And also, it offers an extraordinary view of landscapes in which you can appreciate the biodiversity of the region. Moreover, we recommend you choose the Inca Trail so you can see many trees, deer, viscachas, butterflies and wet forests.
Wildlife in Machu Picchu
Also known as spectacled bear or ucumari is an animal that is constantly threatened by illegal hunting and the loss of its habitat. With good luck, he has been seen walking through the citadel despite being very elusive. This species is much loved in the world by the character Paddington, an Andean bear who traveled to England from our country.
They are the smallest members of the deer family, they are also known as pudúes or deer, because of their similarity to other deer that bear that name. Unfortunately, they are in danger of extinction and seeing them can be a bit difficult. They have been seen in areas between 2000 and 4000 meters above sea level .
This is a very important animal in Andean mythology, since it is part of the Inca trilogy. It is the second largest cat in America and to see it, you will need good luck. Its ecosystem within the Sanctuary are areas of dense vegetation . In this way, it cannot be seen by its prey.
Cock of the Rocks
Also known as the national bird of Peru, this specimen is associated with Machu Picchu and is seen in large trees , from which it feeds many times hidden among its leaves. Seeing it is simpler than it seems, but you will need to pay attention to the trees and their song.
This large bird is one of the largest in the world that is capable of flying. They can weigh up to 15 kilograms, so they prefer windy areas to stay in the air. They have been seen on the ruins of Machu Picchu and on the highest points of the Inca Trail.
If you make the Inca trail, you can see it along the route . It is the largest hummingbird in the world and may be slower than others of its species. You will recognize it for its light brown color and it is similar to a large swallow.
The llamas and alpacas are in the plains of the citadel , you will see them enjoying their natural environment, but remember to respect their space and above all, not to intervene in their diet.
Have you ever seen any of these animals?
Flora in Machu Picchu
It is estimated that there are more than 30,000 thousand species of orchids on the planet. It is Malaysia and South America that have the greatest diversity of orchids. Its size can vary, there are species that can only be observed with the help of a microscope, while there are others that exceed 4 meters. The latter can be found inside the Sanctuary of Machu Picchu.
In the National Park of Machu Picchu the House of the Butterflies or Wasi Pillpi is located. In this place there are more 100 endemic species and 400 known species. To visit it you must follow the path of the Jardines de Mandor and the Manuel Chávez Ballón Site Museum.